Given a nested list of integers, implement an iterator to flatten it. Each element is either an integer, or a list — whose elements may also be integers or other lists. Example 1: Given the list [[1,1],2,[1,1]], By calling next repeatedly until hasNext returns false, the order of elements returned by next should be:[1,1,2,1,1]. Example…

## H-Index II (Binary Search)

Follow up for H-Index: What if the citations array is sorted in ascending order? Could you optimize your algorithm?

## H-Index

Given an array of citations (each citation is a non-negative integer) of a researcher, write a function to compute the researcher’s h-index. According to the definition of h-index on Wikipedia: “A scientist has index h if h of his/her N papers have at least h citations each, and the other N − h papers have…

## Perfect Square

Given a positive integer n, find the least number of perfect square numbers (for example, 1, 4, 9, 16, …) which sum to n. For example, given n = 12, return 3 because 12 = 4 + 4 + 4; given n = 13, return 2 because 13 = 4 + 9.

## (Iterative) Find Peak Element

A peak element is an element that is greater than its neighbors. Given an input array where num[i] ≠ num[i+1], find a peak element and return its index. The array may contain multiple peaks, in that case return the index to any one of the peaks is fine. You may imagine that num[-1] = num[n]…

## Increasing Triplet Subsequence

Given an unsorted array return whether an increasing subsequence of length 3 exists or not in the array. Formally the function should: Return true if there exists i, j, k such that arr[i] < arr[j] < arr[k] given 0 ≤ i < j < k ≤ n-1 else return false. Your algorithm should run in…

## Combinations

Given two integers n and k, return all possible combinations of k numbers out of 1 … n. For example, If n = 4 and k = 2, a solution is: [ [2,4], [3,4], [2,3], [1,2], [1,3], [1,4], ]

## Game of Life

According to the Wikipedia’s article: “The Game of Life, also known simply as Life, is a cellular automaton devised by the British mathematician John Horton Conway in 1970.” Given a board with m by n cells, each cell has an initial state live (1) or dead (0). Each cell interacts with its eight neighbors (horizontal, vertical,…

## Sort Colors

Given an array with n objects colored red, white or blue, sort them so that objects of the same color are adjacent, with the colors in the order red, white and blue. Here, we will use the integers 0, 1, and 2 to represent the color red, white, and blue respectively.

## Container With Most Water

Given n non-negative integers a1, a2, …, an, where each represents a point at coordinate (i, ai). n vertical lines are drawn such that the two endpoints of line i is at (i, ai) and (i, 0). Find two lines, which together with x-axis forms a container, such that the container contains the most water….

## Rotate Image

You are given an n x n 2D matrix representing an image. Rotate the image by 90 degrees (clockwise). Follow up: Could you do this in-place?